The reading points out three ways to stop the disappearing of gopher tortoises.
Sub-point 1 分论点1
Preserve habitats of palm forests. And then gopher tortoises can have more food supplies
Raise them in research center and then release them
Sub-point 3 分论点3
Migrate them to areas suitable but without other tortoises
Refute the three explanations mentioned in reading passage.
Sub-point 1 分论点1
Fires frequently happen in their habitats, thus causing a lot of trees and grass cleaned out. As a result, the tortoises do not have enough grass to eat.
This way can bring terrible consequences. The gopher tortoises might suffer certain disease that can only be treated in the research center, and also cause negative effect to wild tortoises.
Tortoises have homing instinct that leads them to return to their original habitats. In other cases, gopher tortoises will return if they cannot get the places chosen for them.
In their way back, they may come across dangers like busy roads and even be killed.
The reading and listening discuss aboutstrategies to stop the vanishing of gopher
tortoises. The reading passage mentionsthree ways to stop the disappearing of gopher
tortoises. Whereas, the professortotally refutes the three points presented in the
Firstly, the professor rebuts the reading’s idea that bypreserving habitats of palm
forests, gopher tortoises can have more food supplies.The professor claims that fires
frequently happen in their habitats, thus causinga lot of trees and grass cleaned out.
As a result, the tortoises do not have enoughgrass to eat.
Secondly, the professor contradicts reading’s secondmethod of raising the gopher
tortoises in research center and then releasingthem. The professor mentions that this
way can bring terrible consequences. Thegopher tortoises might suffer certain disease
that can only be treated in theresearch center, and also cause negative effect to wild
At last, the passage states that people can protectthem by migrating gopher
tortoises to areas suitable but without othertortoises. However, the professor explains
that tortoises havehoming instinct that leads them to return to original habitats. In
other cases,gopher tortoises will return if they cannot get the places chosen for them.
Intheir way back, they may come across dangers like busy roads and even bekilled.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Getting advice from friends who are older than you is more valuable than getting that
from your peers.
Main point: Disagree
Reason1. Improper comparison. 到底是否valuable是因人而异，因情况而定了。直接
说getting advice from older is more valuable than getting from peers 是unrealistic.
Reason2. Based on the fact, 来自同龄人的advice 其实会让我们收获更多。Peers跟
我们有similar age and similar experience,来自他们的建议会让我们觉得acceptable
例 子：学习为例。老师或者家长（注意也是friends）给的建议常常会被我们忽略，觉得他们跟我们的经历不同，他们的经验未必适用于我们。但是如果我们的 同龄朋友最近学习突飞猛进，她给的学习上的advice会让我们觉得如获至宝。所以，来自older friends的advice因为不常会被我们接受，因此也就没有那么valuable了。
Reason3. 让步。很多人会觉得older friends 因为经验丰富，他们经历过，所以他们的advice比较precious,可以帮助我们避免一些不必要的麻烦。但是我们不要忘了，如今的时代真的变化太快 了，择偶标准、求学、找工作、职场规则，每一个领域过一段时间就会有一些变化，所以older friends的建议如果放在他／她的时代是适用的，但是未必一直有用，所以还是同龄人的比较有用。