obtain和attain辨析 更新日期:2016-03-15 编辑:iyuba

obtain和attain不仅发音类似,而且意思相近,很多小伙伴都不知道它们的区别,经常将它们混用,今天我们就来弄清楚它们的差异。

首先看几个权威例句:

  【例】Steve never studies, but he always gets good grades. 史蒂文从来不学习,但总能取得好成绩。
  (来源:Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)

  【例】There was a lot of pressure on you to obtain good grades. 你得取得好成绩,所以压力很大。
  (来源:Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s Dictionary 5th Edition)

  【例】She eventually achieved her goal of becoming a professor. 她最终实现了她想当教授的目标。
  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】We need to identify the best ways of attaining our objectives/goals. 我们得识别出实现目标最好的方法。
  (来源:Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)

  【例】Where can I obtain a copy of her latest book? 在哪里能买到她最新出版的书?
  (来源:Oxford Advanced Learner’s English-Chinese Dictionary)

  【例】More women are attaining positions of power in public life. 更多的女性正在公众事务中获得权位。
  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  经过以上比较,obtain和attain的区别一目了然,为了方便小伙伴们更清楚地知道它们的区别,现列表如下:
Obtain可看作get的升级,泛指获得某种东西
Attain 可看作achieve的升级,跟目标、抱负等搭配,获得的东西更“高大上”

  大家可以用一个押韵的口诀来记住obtain和attain吧:

  只有obtain good grades
  才能attain positions of power

来源:托福考试

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