如何让写作25+ 更新日期:2016-01-19 编辑:iyuba

在托福备考中,写作常常让大家头疼但是又常常被忽略。中国孩子学英文最次也能写几句,口语和听力能力较差,所以大家往往把重心都放在了托福口语和托福听力的备考上。而托福写作这一项直到开考前几天才开始准备写几篇。等到成绩一出来发现写作屡屡拿不到25+。那么究竟怎么做才能拿到比较满意的分数呢,爱语吧托福网为大家出妙招,今天就带大家一起学习重要句型。Come on!

独立写作能拿good却总拿不到高的分数,如果综合写作没有问题的话,那么就是独立写作的问题喽。为什么会拿到good却还拿不到高分呢。问题很可能就出现在语言上了。很多同学思路没问题,因此在考场的时候能够随意的写出400以上的文章。但是语言却以简单句为主,穿插一些比较恶俗的从句(不从表达需要出发,强行秀语法)。因此今天写出这篇文章,告诉广大同学们!除了简单句并列句复合句这些常规性武器以外,我们还需要一个重型武器:倒装!By the way,看的同时也别忘了坚持练习哦!


完全倒装: 全部谓语+主语

1. here, there, now, then等副词引导的句子,通常称作把时间状语,地点状语提前的倒装句,其谓语动词通常跟在时间or地点状语之后.

A controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice appears then.

变成:

Then appears a controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice.


In the urban cities, an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living live there.

变成:

In the urban cities, there live an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living.



2. 为了使描述的景象更生动,常把拟声词或away, in, out, up, down等状语放在句首,从而引起主谓全部倒装。

Down it fell from the apple tree.

The door opened, in rush the crowed.

Up went the arrow

总结1,2: here, there/now, then/in, out/up, down/ away + 谓语动词 + 主语


3. 句首状语是表示 地点 的 介词词组 时,也完全倒装: 地点状语+谓语+主语

很多工厂位于都市。

Many factories lie in urban cities.

变成

In urban cities lie many factories.



越来越多的学生在美国学习,为了更先进的教育体系和多元文化。

Students in a growing number study in America, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.

变成

In America study students in a growing number, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.
 

更多的市民选择住在在他们老了以后住小城市。

More citizens choose to live in a small town when they grow older.

变成:

In a small town choose to live more citizens, when they grow older.


更多的年轻人选待在家里放松。

Many more young people stay at home for relaxation.

变成:

At home stay many young people for relaxation.


4. 表语 放在句首,倒装结构采用:“表语+ 系动词 + 主语”


1)形容词+系动词+主语:

大学生很担忧他们未来的职业发展,使他们找各种兼职工作希望去尽可能多的培养技能。

College students are anxious about their future career development, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.

变为:

Anxious about their future career development are college students, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.


2)现在/过去分词+系动词+主语:

中国正发生巨大的变化。

The dramatic change is taking place in China.

变成:

Taking place in China is the dramatic change.


7-12岁的小孩上不了小学的现象已经一去不复返了。

The phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend primary schools are gone.

变成:

Gone are the phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend primary schools.


发展中和发达国家都遭受了前所未有的经济危机。

Both developing and developed countries are confronted with an unprecedented economic crisis.

变成:

Confronted with an unprecedented economic crisis are both developing and developed countries.


目前学校基础设施的质量正在经历巨大的提升。

The quality of infrastructure facilities in current schools is experiencing a huge improvement

变成: Experiencing a huge improvement is the quality of infrastructure facilities in current universities.


日渐衰败的传统企业处于激烈的竞争市场中

Traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation is involved in the market of fierce competition

变成:Involved in the market of fierce competition is traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation.


3)介词 + 系动词 + 主语:

由睡眠不足引起的劳累和注意力不集中是导致交通事故的主要因素。

The fatigue and distraction caused by inadequate sleep are among the main contributors to traffic accidents.

变成:Among the main contributors to traffic accidents are the fatigue and distraction caused by inadequate sleep.
 
提升教师的工资是提升教学效率最重要的因素的之一。

Increasing teachers’ salaries is one of the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency.

变成: Among the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency is increasing teachers’ salaries.

来源:托福考试

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